Which tool or technique measures performance of the project as it moves from project initiation through project closure?
An input required to develop a preliminary project scope statement is:
Organizational Process Assets
Organizational Breakdown Structures
The product scope description is used to:
Gain stakeholders' support for the project.
Document the characteristics of the product.
Describe the project in great detail.
Formally authorize the project.
What are the identified risks for doing excessive decomposition in a WBS?
Insufficient project funding and disqualification of sellers
Insufficient project funding and ineffective use of resources
Disqualification of sellers and non-productive management efforts
Non-productive management effort and inefficient use of resources
Which of the following techniques is used during Control Scope?
Which is the document that presents a hierarchical project organization?
Which of the following inputs is required for the WBS creation?
Project Quality Plan
Project Schedule Network
Project Management Software
Project Scope Management Plan
Which of the following are inputs to Activity Definition?
Project Scope Statement and Work Breakdown Structure
Activity list and Arrow Diagram
Change Requests Lists and Organizational Process Assets
Project Management Plan and Resource Availability
Activity definition refers to the process of parsing a project into a number of individual tasks which must be completed before the deliverables can be considered completed. Activity definitions rely on a number of specific input processes. These include enterprise environmental factors, organizational process assets, the project scope statement, the work breakdown structure, the WBS dictionary, the project management plan (which consists of the project scope management plan and the schedule management plan). Through use of these inputs, the activities that will need to ultimately be completed in order to compete all of the project objectives can be readily defined, and the activity definition can be further accomplished through the utilization of a number of tools and techniques including decomposition, templates, rolling wave planning, expert judgment, and planning components. The four ultimate outputs of the activity definition process are the activity list, theresulting activity attributes, all requested changes, and any milestones. This term is defined in the 3rd edition of the PMBOK but not in the 4th.
Activity resource requirements and resource breakdown structure are outputs from what Project Time Management process?
Activity Resource Estimating
Activity Resource Estimate Assumptions and Breakdown StructuresIn the Estimate Activity Resources process, the key output is activity resource requirements. These requirements describe the types and quantities of resources needed for each project activity.Once you know what resources you need, you can begin to estimate the time each activity will take to complete. In this way, the activity resource requirements list generated by the Estimate Activity Resources process become
inputs for the Estimate Activity Durations process. Activity resource requirements listThe activity resource requirements list identifies, for tracking purposes, the activity's code in the work breakdown structure, as well as its name. Vital to generating the project schedule, it details the resources that you've estimated you need to complete the activity, and addresses.
Resource description – The Resource description column lists each type of resource that is required for the activity. This includes human resources, materials, and facilities.
Number required – The Number required column identifies the quantity required of each resource. This value can be specified in any measurement unit, such as hours, days, or
physical number of units required.
Resource assumptions – Resource assumptions are important factors to consider when devising the project schedule. Any relevant assumptions about the resource can be included, for example resource availability, skills, or quality.
Resource availability – The Resource availability column specifies when each resource can be used. This is vital information for putting together the project schedule.
Resource dependencies – The Resource dependencies column identifies factors that may affect the availability of resources. It's important to identify dependencies when devising the project schedule because any change in an activity that has a dependency can affect the project timeline.The final row of the activity resource requirements list identifies the total resources needed for the activity. The resource totals are important in project scheduling
as a base from which to calculate the duration of the activity.
Resource Assumptions - It's important to record resource assumptions, as they can help during different stages of a project. Select each project stage to find out how resource assumptions can help.
Monitoring – Recorded assumptions can affect performance monitoring. For example, if a particular task seems to be taking too long, looking at the assumptions can help you identify the problem.
Controlling – Recorded assumptions can also help you control performance. Having used the assumptions to identify a problem, you can now make performance adjustments so that the project can run more efficiently.
Closing – Recorded assumptions can provide insights during post-project assessments at the closing stage. For example, if you had made incorrect assumptions about staff capabilities, looking at the assumptions helps you understand what went wrong. This can then be recorded in the lessons learned file for the project.Failure to record assumptions can also have an impact during the Monitor and Control Project Work process.
Resource breakdown structuresAlong with the activity resource requirements list, there's one more main output of the Estimate Activity Resources process – the resource breakdown structure.The resource breakdown structure provides a hierarchical diagram of the resources required for a project. This structure is visually simple, showing resource information at a glance breaks resources into categories and resource types helps you to organize a project schedule and report on resource utilization information.
Although they look similar, a resource breakdown structure is not the same as a work breakdown structure.
A work breakdown structure, or WBS, decomposes a project into manageable units of work. Elements in a WBS include project phases, tasks, sub-tasks, and work packages. These represent all the activities in a project.
Project document updatesThe Estimate Activity Resources process concludes with project document updates – the final output of the process. Initially, various project documents are used as inputs for the process. Now that resource estimation is complete, new information
may have come to light. For this reason, you may need to update documents so they reflect the latest project information.
In the process of estimating resource requirements and creating the resource breakdown structure, it's often necessary to add or delete schedule activities that appear in the activity list.The activity changes have a subsequent effect on activity attributes and resource calendars. Because project activities have changed, you need to document those changes by updating the descriptions of activities and the availability of relevant resources.
The first output of the Estimate Activity Resources process is an activity resource requirements list. It's important to record any assumptions you've made about resources in this list, for use in monitoring and controlling project work, and in post-project assessments. A second output of the process is the resource breakdown structure. This is a hierarchical diagram that shows the resources required for the project in a visually simple way. It
groups resources by category, and can be used for organizing and reporting on resources. The final output of the process is updates to relevant project documents, such as the activity list, activity attributes, and resource calendars.
Project scope statement and resource calendars are inputs to what Project Time Management process?
Activity Resource Estimating
Which of the following tools or techniques is used for Estimate Activity Duration?
Which Activity Duration Estimating technique incorporates additional timing for contingency purposes?
Which of the following schedule network analysis techniques is applied when a critical path method calculation has been completed and resources availability is critical?
Resource Conflict Management
Which of the following outputs from the Schedule Control process aids in the communication of SV, SPI or any performance status to stakeholders?
Which technique is utilized in the Schedule Control process?
Cost baseline is an output of which of the following processes?
Analogous Cost Estimating relies on which of the following techniques?
Project Management Software
Vendor Bid Analysis
The project budget is set at $150,000. The project duration is planned to be one year. At the completion of Week 16 of the project, the following information is collected:
Actual cost = $50,000 Plan cost = $45,000 Earned value = $40,000
What is the cost performance index?
The PV is $1000, EV is $2000 and AC is $1500. What is CPI?
At the end of the project, what will be the value of SV?
Greater than one
Which is one of the determining factors used to calculate CPI?
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