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Both the supply and the demand for the toy were high
Answer cannot be determined
If a drought severely reduces the amount of corn available to consumers, what would you expect to happen?
The supply of corn would go up
The demand for corn would go down
The price of corn would stay the same
The price of corn would go down
The price of corn would go up
If 200 jobs are available and only 100 people are unemployed, what will have to happen according to the laws of supply and demand?
Companies needing employees will need to increase pay
Companies needing employees will need to decrease pay
Companies needing employees will need to reduce benefits
Companies needing employees will need to fire workers
The laws of supply and demand do not apply to this situation
What type of government does the United States have?
In the first half of the 20th century, it was not unusual for African American people to have to use different drinking fountains, lunch counters, and even schools than other Americans. This was known as which of the following?
The White Man's Burden
If the last presidential election was in 2000, when will the next one take place?
American writer Henry David Thoreau wrote that if a law "requires you to be the agent of injustice to another, then I say, break the law." What idea is Thoreau supporting?
What does a map's legend help you do?
Understand the purpose of the map
Calculate the real distance shown on the map
Locate specific cities or rivers on the map
Read the map's symbols correctly
Fold the map neatly
Which government official(s) is appointed and not elected by the UScitizens?
Supreme Court Justice
In the United States, individuals who are suspected of criminal behavior are considered innocent until they are proven guilty. All citizens have the right to due process which means they are entitled to a fair trial before a jury of their peers. In addition, they have a right to a lawyer who will help them support their case. Because the suspect is considered innocent until judged otherwise, the prosecution has the burden of proof. Even after a verdict is made on the case, both sides can appeal to a higher court to reconsider the decision. All of these steps are in place to protect the safety and liberty of all Americans. What is "burden of proof"?
Refers to the credibility of witnesses
The responsibility for convincing the jury of their case
The suspect's duty to provide an alibi
The suspect's right to an attorney
The responsibility given to jurors
In the United States, individuals who are suspected of criminal behavior are considered innocent until they are proven guilty. All citizens have the right to due process which means they are entitled to a fair trial before a jury of their peers. In addition, they have a right to a lawyer who will help them support their case. Because the suspect is considered innocent until judged otherwise, the prosecution has the burden of proof. Even after a verdict is made on the case, both sides can appeal to a higher court to reconsider the decision. All of these steps are in place to protect the safety and liberty of all Americans. Why can court decisions be appealed?
So that mistakes can be corrected if they are made
To give both sides a chance to prepare a stronger case
To stop the justice system from working efficiently
To allow more people the chance to hear the case
To ask the judge to rethink his current position on the case
In the United States, individuals who are suspected of criminal behavior are considered innocent until they are proven guilty. All citizens have the right to due process which means they are entitled to a fair trial before a jury of their peers. In addition, they have a right to a lawyer who will help them support their case. Because the suspect is considered innocent until judged otherwise, the prosecution has the burden of proof. Even after a verdict is made on the case, both sides can appeal to a higher court to reconsider the decision. All of these steps are in place to protect the safety and liberty of all Americans. In other countries, suspects are considered guilty until proven innocent. How would this affect the burden of proof in a trial?
More evidence on both sides would be needed
No evidence would be needed for a conviction
The prosecutor would have burden of proof instead of the defendant
The defendant would have the burden of proof instead of the prosecutor
It would have no effect
In the United States, individuals who are suspected of criminal behavior are considered innocent until they are proven guilty. All citizens have the right to due process which means they are entitled to a fair trial before a jury of their peers. In addition, they have a right to a lawyer who will help them support their case. Because the suspect is considered innocent until judged otherwise, the prosecution has the burden of proof. Even after a verdict is made on the case, both sides can appeal to a higher court to reconsider the decision. All of these steps are in place to protect the safety and liberty of all Americans. Why is the right to due process important?
It prevents innocent people from being wrongly punished
It provides more work for lawyers
It lets ordinary citizens be part of the judicial system
It forces innocent people to prove their innocence
It keeps crime rates low
Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal helped America recover from the Great Depression by providing federal money for construction projects, including schools and roads. How did this help the country recover?
It gave money back to the tax payers
It created desperately needed good paying jobs
It encouraged wealthy people to do the same thing
It made trade easier with Mexico
It allowed construction companies to make a large profit
In American cities after the Industrialization Age began, it was not unusual to see children huddled together without shoes, warm clothing, shelter, or decent food. These children illustrated what unhappy effect of Industrialization in the United States?
Because the focus was on manufacturing, not enough shoes were made
Because of low wages, many people lived in poverty
Because of protective employment laws, child laborers could no longer be employed
Because of the freedom women experienced in the workplace, many abandoned their children
Because parents work days were guided by strict rules, they were often strict at home. As a result, their children ran away and lived on the streets.
Certification-Board FSOT Exam (Foreign Service Officer Test) Detailed Information
Instructions to Online Practice FSOT
The purpose of the practice Foreign Service Officer Test (FSOT) is to provide you with a realistic preview of the computer-based FSOT and an estimate of your likelihood of passing. The practice test simulates the actual FSOT in terms of questions, length of testing, and administration. Scores achieved will indicate your potential performance on an actual FSOT with good probability.
You can take the practice FSOT at any time from the convenience of your personal computer by accessing the link below.
When you finish the practice FSOT, you will receive your score and an estimate of your probability of passing an actual FSOT. You will also be provided with suggested study materials which could help you improve your score. Finally, after 6 months you will be given another opportunity to measure your improvement by taking an alternate version of the practice FSOT.
The practice test includes the Job Knowledge and English Expression sections of the FSOT, but not the Biographical Information Questionnaire (BIQ) or the Written Essay. Practice for the BIQ is not necessary since the scores are based on personal experiences. We do not provide a practice version of the Essay due to the high cost of scoring essays. Moreover, the Job Knowledge and English Expression sections are usually the best indicators of how a candidate will fare in the FSO selection process.
Step 1: Choose a Career Track
-Choose a Career Track
Registrants should fully educate themselves about the five Foreign Service careers tracks: Consular, Economic, Management, Political and Public Diplomacy. Review the five career tracks infographic, read the descriptions contained in the Guide to the Foreign Service Selection Process, or visit careers.state.gov.
Registrants will NOT have the opportunity to change career tracks after submitting the online FSOT registration, so careful thought should be given to making this decision. During the course of a career, however, you can expect to serve in more than one career track and it is not unusual for FSOs to have assignments in two or three different career tracks. Moreover, all new FSOs can expect to serve their first and/or second tour in a consular position.
Step 2: Register for the FSOT
-What is the FSOT?
The Foreign Service Officer Test measures your knowledge, skills and abilities, including writing skills that are necessary to the work of a Foreign Service Officer.
The FSOT is administered online at designated test centers in the U.S. and abroad and takes about three hours to complete. It includes three multiple-choice sections:
Job knowledge: Questions will cover a broad range of topics including, but not limited to, the structure and workings of the U.S. Government, U.S. and world history, U.S. culture, psychology, technology, management theory, finance and economics, and world affairs;
English expression; and
A biographic information section that asks you to describe your work style, your manner of interacting and communicating with others, and your approach to other cultures.
In addition, you will be given 30 minutes to write an essay on an assigned topic. You must pass the multiple-choice tests in order to have your essay graded.
-How can I register?
The Foreign Service Officer Test is administered by Pearson VUE, and offered three times each year in February, June, and October. Information about upcoming FSOT dates and locations can be found below in Step 3: Take the FSOT.
The registration process, which includes concurrent application submission and seat selection, opens approximately five (5) weeks prior to each testing window. To register, go to http://www.pearsonvue.com/fsot/ during the five-week period prior to a specific testing window to create an account, submit completed eligibility verification and application forms, and select a location and seat for that specific test date. The registration process closes three (3) days before the testing window opens.
When registering, keep in mind that all of the information you submit to the Board of Examiners through Pearson VUE is subject to verification. Any exaggeration of your experience and qualifications, including your language ability, will weaken your candidacy. Misrepresentations may be grounds for terminating your candidacy, or for dismissing you even after you have joined the Foreign Service, and may be punishable by a fine or imprisonment.
You will receive an on-screen confirmation message after you submit completed eligibility verification and application forms, and a second confirmation message after you select a seat. You will also receive an e-mail from Pearson VUE, which includes details about your testing appointment, ID requirements, and directions to the testing center.
Note: You may submit an application and select a seat for the announced testing window only. Applications are valid for a specific test only and will expire when that testing window closes. The number of testing center seats for each window is limited and available on a first-come, first-served basis.
If you need to cancel your test you must do so at least two business days (48 hours) before your scheduled appointment. Your e-mailed confirmation letter will contain information on how to do so. If you fail to appear or cancel in a timely manner, you will be assessed a $72 “no-show” fee.
Once an application is submitted it cannot be changed for that testing window. You may, however, reschedule your appointment for another date during that same testing window up until the close of the five-week registration process. Once the five-week registration process closes you can only cancel an appointment. You will need to register again if you cancel or to retake the FSOT. You may update your application and change your chosen career track during any subsequent registration period for which you are eligible. You may take the FSOT during any of the three annual testing windows but only once in a 12-month period.
If you have technical problems/questions regarding the registration process, click on the contact Pearson VUE link for assistance.
Step 3: Take the FSOT
-When can I take the test?
The Foreign Service Officer Test (FSOT) is administered three times per year, generally in February, June, and October, each time for a period or “window” of eight days.
Upcoming Foreign Service Officer Testing Windows
This chart contains relevant dates for the next three Foreign Service Officer Tests. As a reminder you will be able to register—apply and select a seat—for approximately five weeks before each testing window.
February 2017 June 2017 October 2017
Testing Window Dates January 28 to February 4 June 3 to 10 September 30 to October 7
Registration opens December 15 April 26 August 23
Registration closes January 25 May 31 September 27
List of embassies/consulates* offering the FSOT available at careers.state.gov December 14 April 25 August 22
*The FSOT is offered at both domestic and overseas locations.
The deadline for candidates to cancel test seats without incurring penalties is 48 hours (two business days) before the start of your test. NOTE: Pearson VUE work days include Saturdays, but not Sundays worldwide.
It’s best to give yourself plenty of time — avoid waiting until the deadline.
-Where can I take it?
The list of embassies and consulates offering the February 2017 FSOT will be available on December 14th.
-What to expect during the FSOT
There are many resources available to help familiarize you with the test. Below are some tips that may help:
Contact a Diplomat in Residence near you if you have questions;
Check if there are any Test information sessions hosted by a DIR near you;
Read the digital brochure Becoming a Foreign Service Officer, which contains sample test questions;
Download the DOSCareers mobile app from the App Store (Apple) or Google Play (Android) to test yourself with “retired” questions from the FSOT;
Focus your attention on those areas where you may be weak;
Consider purchasing the Information Guide to the Foreign Service Selection Process;
Review the Suggested Reading List (pdf);
View the Suggested Course List (pdf);
Explore employee videos to understand better the range of work that Department of State professionals perform abroad and at home;
Read Career Diplomacy: Life and Work in the U.S. Foreign Service, by Harry W. Kopp and Charles A. Gillespie. This is an insider's guide that examines the Foreign Service as an institution, a profession, and a career;
Read Inside a U.S. Embassy, published by the American Foreign Service Association. The book takes readers inside embassies and consulates in over 50 countries, providing detailed descriptions of Foreign Service jobs and first-hand accounts of diplomacy in action;
Read Realities of Foreign Service Life, which contains essays that cover topics ranging from children's education overseas, to the Nairobi Embassy bombing; and
The night before the test, get a good night's sleep!
-Take the Practice FSOT Test.
Experience a realistic preview and receive an estimate of your likelihood of passing the FSOT. Take the FSOT Practice Test.
Step 4: Submit a Personal Narrative
-How do I submit my Personal Narrative?
Your personal narrative will answer questions describing the knowledge, skills, and abilities you would bring to the Foreign Service. The firm deadline for submission will be three weeks after the request is sent to you.
The PN offers you the opportunity to highlight not just what you have done, but how you did it and what you learned. You should provide examples from your experiences that show you have the skills to be a successful FSO. This is an important part of the application and is read carefully by each member of a Qualifications Evaluation Panel (QEP) made up of trained Foreign Service Officers. Each career track is reviewed by a different panel made up of officers from that career track.
The panel assesses the candidate’s file based on six precepts that are predictors of success in the Foreign Service. These precepts are:
Leadership: innovation, decision making, teamwork, openness to dissent, community service and institution building
Interpersonal Skills: professional standards, persuasion and negotiation, workplace perceptiveness, adaptability, representational skills
Communication Skills: written communication, oral communication, active listening, public outreach, foreign language skill
Management Skills: operational effectiveness, performance management and evaluation, management resources, customer service
Intellectual Skills: information gathering and analysis, critical thinking, active learning, leadership and management training
Substantive Knowledge: Understanding of U.S. history/ government/culture and application in dealing with other cultures. Knowledge or application of career track information that is relevant information.
To help write your PN, focus on your own experience in answering the questions. Use these precepts as a guide to (1) give positive examples that demonstrate your abilities; (2) identify learning experiences; and (3) indicate how your learning experience will contribute to success in your chosen Foreign Service career track. Make sure you show why you have skills or interest in the career track you have selected. Please make sure you answer the question.
The test administrator will forward your FSOT scores, along with your Registration Package minus any proscribed data (age, ethnicity, etc.), to the QEP.
The QEP uses a Total Candidate approach to review your:
Educational and work background
Responses to the Personal Narrative questions
Self-evaluated language skill level
There is no pre-set cut-off score. The QEP evaluates your file within your chosen career track, looking at how well you demonstrate the precepts outlined above.
The best-qualified candidates are invited to oral assessments based on the QEP evaluations and State's anticipated hiring needs in each career track, inter alia.
Although the QEP is a total file review, with no one element dominating all the factors considered, you have the most control over your responses to the PN. Your responses can be influential in determining your standing in your chosen career track. This is your chance to tell your story to the Foreign Service assessors. Bear in mind that your responses are subject to verification by the Board of Examiners.
Once the QEP is completed, Pearson VUE will inform you of the results via an online letter that you can access using the personal login ID and password you chose when registering.
In recent years, more than 20,000 candidates have taken the Foreign Service Officer Test annually. A much smaller number advance to the QEP review, and then only a few hundred are invited to the Oral Assessment. Please note that Foreign Service Officer candidate hiring targets are adjusted regularly. Many candidates with excellent qualifications who may have received an invitation to the Oral Assessment at a time of increased hiring authority will not receive one when the Department’s hiring targets are lower or if there is an increase in the number of candidates. The process is highly competitive, and many candidates repeat the process.
Step 5: Take the Oral Assessment
-Where do I take my Oral Assessment?
The Oral Assessment is conducted primarily in Washington, D.C. Resources permitting, the Board of Examiners will also offer the Oral Assessment in San Francisco, California, each year in January and May.
Candidates who are invited to the Oral Assessment are only guaranteed an appointment during the dates associated with their FSOT. Candidates who know that they will be unavailable to take the oral assessment during the dates associated with their specific FSOT should select a different test window.
The day-long Oral Assessment measures your ability to demonstrate the 13 dimensions that are essential to the successful performance of Foreign Service work. It includes a group exercise, a structured interview, and a case management writing exercise.
Oral Assessment exercises:
Are based on a job analysis of the work of the Foreign Service.
Reflect the skills, abilities and personal qualities deemed essential to the performance of that work.
Are not an adversarial process: you do not compete against other candidates but instead are judged on your capacity to demonstrate the skills and abilities necessary to be an effective Foreign Service Officer.
Foreign Service Officer Test Window
Oral Assessment Locations
Oral Assessment Dates
San Francisco, CA
Early March – mid-June
January or May
San Francisco, CA
Mid-June – Late October
May or January
San Francisco, CA
Early November – Late February
January or May
-What to expect during the Oral Assessment.
The Oral Assessment is a job interview. Oral Assessment exercises are based on a job analysis of the work of the Foreign Service and the skills, abilities, and personal qualities deemed essential to the performance of that work. These resources will help familiarize you with the process:
Search under Events for all Oral Assessment Information Sessions near you or sign up to attend a webinar version of the Oral Assessment Information Session after receiving an invitation via email.
Review the 13 Dimensions of a successful Foreign Service Officer.
Download the Foreign Service Officer Oral Assessment Information Guide (pdf).
Contact a Diplomat in Residence near you to talk about the FSO Oral Assessments.
View the list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Oral Assessment.
When you come to the Oral Assessment, you will be asked to read and sign the following three forms pertaining to the conditions for taking the Oral Assessment and conditions of employment in the Foreign Service. If you are not willing to abide by these conditions, you should not schedule an Oral Assessment.
Three Conditions of Foreign Service Employment (pdf)
Medical Clearance for Eligible Family Members (pdf)
Non-Disclosure Form (pdf)
Step 6: Clearances – Medical & Security
-Tell me more about the Medical Clearance process.
Those who pass the Oral Assessment will receive a conditional offer of employment and instructions about obtaining medical and security clearances in order to continue their candidacy. There is no guarantee of employment at this stage.
The Office of Medical Services of the Department of State determines a candidate's medical fitness and ability to serve overseas. Many Foreign Service posts are located in remote areas with extremely limited medical support. Each candidate, therefore, must meet rigorous medical standards in order to qualify for the required worldwide medical clearance. Medical clearance determination by Medical Services is based on its thorough review of each candidate's medical history and a physical examination, including an individual assessment of his/her specific medical needs and the medical capabilities of Foreign Service posts to meet those needs.
After receiving a conditional offer of employment, each candidate is provided with the necessary examination forms (with instructions) to give to the examining health care practitioner (MD, DO, NP, PA). Visit the Career Resources Download Center for a list of forms intended for those who have received conditional offers of employment after the Oral Assessment.
Candidates, who live within 50 miles of Washington, D.C., must schedule their medical exams at the State Department’s Office of Medical Services. Those who live more than 50 miles from Washington may have them done by their own physician or at the State Department. Children under the age of six must be seen by their own pediatrician, regardless of location. The Office of Medical Services will provide an authorization for the Department of State to pay for outside examinations as a secondary insurer once a candidate’s primary insurance provider has paid its share. Candidates will have 90 days to complete this process.
Regardless of who administers the medical clearance exam, the Department's Office of Medical Services determines whether a candidate is medically eligible for assignment to all Department of State posts worldwide. While a candidate may effectively manage a chronic health condition or limitation within the United States or in specific areas outside of the U.S., the Office of Medical Services might well determine that the same individual is not eligible for a worldwide ("Class One") medical clearance. Such clearances may only be issued to candidates whom the Office of Medical Services deems able to serve at the most isolated and restricted overseas posts.
Some posts could face extreme isolation due to limited air and other transportation service, and unreliable Internet, telecommunications, and postal and delivery systems. Any of these limitations can have a severe adverse impact on the availability of required medical services and supplies or delay timely medical evacuations. Some countries have inadequate infrastructure such as a poor or negligible public health care system, poor sanitation, unreliable electricity and a lack of potable water. There may also be infectious and communicable diseases, such as malaria, dengue fever, typhoid, tuberculosis, rabies, encephalitis and gastrointestinal diseases. There may be no health unit at the post and next to no local medical facilities. The local emergency room, for example, might be completely inadequate, without ventilators, defibrillators, x-ray capabilities, etc. There are often no blood banks or limited medical supplies and medications available locally. Due to political instability, security could be a concern.
Candidates should be aware that these posts are neither few in number nor confined to a specific geographic region. There are numerous posts where conditions appear similar to that of the U.S. but which also suffer from some of these restrictive characteristics. As a result, stress levels among employees may be very high. Given these concerns, the Department of State only assigns employees with unrestricted medical clearances to such posts and is unable to hire new employees without such clearances.
While the candidate must be medically cleared for worldwide service as a condition for being offered employment, the Department of State does not consider the medical condition of eligible family members for pre-employment purposes. The Department does, however, require that each eligible family member have a medical clearance before they can travel overseas at U. S. Government expense when accompanying an employee on assignment.
Please note that employees with a family member who has been issued a limited rather than a worldwide medical clearance, nevertheless, may be assigned to posts where that family member cannot accompany them. We strongly advise candidates to consider this situation as they pursue employment with the Department of State.
On request, the Director General of the Foreign Service, or designee, may consider granting a waiver of the worldwide availability requirement for a candidate who is unable to qualify for a worldwide medical clearance. Candidates should be aware, however, that the granting of such waivers is rare.
For more information on medical clearances, please visit the Frequently Asked Questions page, or visit the Forums.
-Tell me more about the Security Clearance process.
Candidates who pass the Oral Assessment must apply for the security clearance required for appointment to the Foreign Service. A comprehensive background investigation, conducted by the U.S. Department of State in cooperation with other federal, state, and local agencies, will provide the information necessary to determine a candidate's suitability for appointment to the Foreign Service and for a Top Secret security clearance. The process considers such factors as: failure to repay a U.S. Government-guaranteed loan or meet tax obligations; failure to register for the Selective Service; past problems with credit or bankruptcy; unsatisfactory employment records; a criminal record or other violations of the law; drug or alcohol abuse; and less than honorable discharge from the armed forces.
Candidates who hold dual citizenship (pdf), have had extensive travel, education, residence and/or employment overseas, or who have foreign contacts, a foreign-born spouse, immediate family members or relatives who are not citizens of the United States, should be aware that the clearance process will take longer to complete. The background investigation includes interviews with current and previous contacts, supervisors and coworkers. Candidates who do not receive a security clearance are ineligible for appointment. Potential candidates who have any serious issues that may prevent them from receiving a clearance should give some thought to the likelihood of their being found ineligible before starting this process.
Step 7: Suitability Review Panel
-What happens during the Suitability Review Panel?
Upon completion of the background investigation and medical examination, a Suitability Review Panel will examine your file (minus any privileged medical information) to determine your suitability for employment with the Foreign Service.
The attainment of U.S. foreign policy objectives depends substantially on the confidence of the public (both American and foreign) in the individuals selected to serve in the Foreign Service. The Department of State, therefore, requires the highest standards of conduct by employees of the Foreign Service, including an especially high degree of integrity, reliability, and prudence. Given the representational nature of employment in the Foreign Service, employees must observe proper standards at all times. The purpose of the suitability review is to determine, from the candidate's total record, whether the candidate is indeed suitable to represent the United States. The Suitability Review Panel has the authority to terminate a candidacy.
In evaluating suitability, the Suitability Review Panel takes into consideration the following factors:
Misconduct in prior employment, including marginal performance or inability to interact effectively with others
Criminal, dishonest, or disgraceful conduct
Misrepresentation, including deception or fraud, in the application process
Repeated or habitual use to excess of intoxicating beverages affecting the ability to perform the duties and responsibilities of the employee's position
Trafficking in or abuse of narcotics or controlled substances
Reasonable doubt as to loyalty to the U.S. Government
Conduct which clearly shows poor judgment and or lack of discretion which may reasonably affect an individual or the agency's ability to carry out its responsibilities or mission
Financial irresponsibility, including a history of not meeting financial obligations or an inability to satisfy debts
Step 8: The Register
-What is the Register?
If you successfully pass the Foreign Service Officer Test; Qualifications Evaluation Panel; Oral Assessment; security and medical clearances; and a suitability review, you are placed on a hiring register. You are rank ordered on the Register based on the specific career track you chose at the time you registered for the Foreign Service Officer Test and your Oral Assessment score, plus any additional credit for language ability or veterans’ preference you receive.
You should be aware that your placement on the Register does not guarantee an appointment as a Foreign Service Officer. Hiring depends on the needs of the Foreign Service.
Your position on the Register is dynamic. People with higher scores will be placed above you regardless of when they are placed on the Register. Likewise, you will be placed above candidates with lower scores, regardless of how long they have been on the Register. Your name may stay in the Register for a maximum of 18 months. If you do not receive an appointment offer within that period, your name will be removed.
Veterans Preference points or credit for demonstrated foreign language proficiency (see below) may raise your standing on the Register. Instructions on how to receive additional credit in these areas will be provided on successful completion of the Oral Assessment.
You may also seek to improve your place on the Register by re-taking the Foreign Service Officer Test again after 11 months. You will need to complete the FSOT, Oral Assessment, medical and security clearances and suitability review processes successfully again before your name will be re-entered on the Register. You may choose a different career track through this process.
-What happens if I am offered an appointment?
If you rise to the top of the Registrar in your chosen career track, based on the hiring needs of the Foreign Service, you may receive an offer of employment. This often entails locating to Washington, D.C. with only a few weeks’ notice in order to begin training. You may decline the first offer of employment. If you decline a second offer, however, your name will be removed from the Register.
In rare cases, such as a military deployment or other overseas obligation to the U.S. government, you may be eligible to defer your appointment. These cases are not common.
New Foreign Service Officers begin their careers with a six-week orientation program (known as the A-100 course). The focus of the orientation is on introducing new employees to the structure and function of the Department and its role in the development and implementation of U.S. foreign policy; developing an understanding of the terms of employment; and enhancing core skills needed by all Foreign Service Officers.
The A-100 course, based at the National Foreign Affairs Training Center in Arlington, Va. is primarily a classroom experience. It also includes trips to Capitol Hill and to other federal agencies, as well as a two-day offsite training exercise at a nearby conference center. In addition to presentations by guest speakers and U.S. Department of State officials, A-100 also includes a series of practical exercises and case studies.
At the end of orientation, Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) receive their first assignments, which will govern the type of specialized training that follows. For FSOs that may include training in consular affairs, political-economic tradecraft, public diplomacy, or resource management. Any required language training can last for an additional six to nine months. Overall, newly hired FSOs can expect to spend from three months to one year in training before departure for their first overseas assignment.
Some Other Things to Consider
Active Military and Veterans
Qualifying, active military duty candidates may request unrestricted additional time to schedule the Oral Assessment after passing the QEP. Candidates must notify BEX when they are discharged from the military and reschedule an Oral Assessment within the next six months.
Foreign Service candidates who can document creditable veterans' service by submitting form DD 214 or other certification will be eligible to receive additional points on the Hiring Register: 0.175 for a five-point standing and 0.35 for a 10-point standing.
In all cases points are awarded once a candidate has passed the Oral Assessment. Instructions on how to claim these points are provided at that time.
Qualifying, preference-eligible veterans may be appointed from the rank-ordered Hiring Register at any time before they turn 65. If appointed between the ages of 60 to 65, a qualifying, preference-eligible veteran may serve five years prior to being mandatorily retired.
While knowing a foreign language is not a requirement to be considered for the Foreign Service, demonstrated proficiency in a language will enhance a candidate’s competitiveness on the Register by giving a slight increase in points. Beginning with the June 2012 FSOT cohort, generalist candidates can receive .17 bump-up points for any one language listed here (pdf) if they pass a telephone language test at a speaking level 3 after passing the Oral Assessment. The following eight languages are currently eligible for higher bump-up points: Arabic; Chinese (Mandarin); Hindi; Persian (Dari); Persian (Farsi); Pashto; Urdu; and Korean. Candidates testing in the eight languages eligible for higher points need only a level 2 speaking ability (as measured on the telephone test) to obtain the .17 language bump up points.
Generalist candidates, who pass the Oral Assessment, receive a link to the Career Candidate Handbook, which describes how to arrange a telephone language test conducted by the Department of State’s Foreign Service Institute (FSI). Candidates may test as soon as they pass the Oral Assessment and do not need to wait until they are on the Hiring Register.
To receive the higher bump-up points, candidates who pass the telephone test will then need to pass an in-person, two-hour speaking and reading test conducted by the Foreign Service Institute in Arlington, Virginia. Any costs associated with the in-person test (travel, lodging in Washington, etc.) are at the candidate’s expense. Those who achieve a minimum score of 3 speaking and 2 reading (S3/R2) will be eligible to receive a total of .38 bump-up points. Candidates who receive a rating of at least 2 speaking and 1 reading (S2/R1) but less than 3 speaking and 2 reading (S3/R2) will be eligible to receive a total of .25 bump-up points.
Generalist candidates who choose to take the in-person test and do not meet the minimum S2/R1 score will forfeit ALL language bonus points in that tested language including any they may have earned through the earlier telephone-administered test.
Language points will be granted for one language only. Candidates may test in another language only if they fail the initial test or if the second language has a higher point value. They may telephone retest in the same language after six months. Candidates who do not pass the in-person FSI test may take a first retest after six months; any further in-person retests are authorized only after a one-year interval from the last full test in that language. Telephone language scores are valid for 18 months or the length of any candidacy initiated during the 18-month language score validity period. In-person tests are valid for five years or the length of a candidacy initiated during the five-year period. A candidacy begins on the date a candidate takes the Foreign Service Officer Test (FSOT).
Most candidates will need a security clearance specific to the country where the language is spoken before being granted the higher language bump-up. Generalist candidates who seek a .38 language bump-up must agree to serve in a position where that language is required once during their first two assignments and once after reaching mid-level grades of the Foreign Service. Candidates must complete their second service commitment prior to being able to compete for the Senior Foreign Service. Generalist candidates who qualify for .25 bump-up points must agree to serve once during their first two assignments in a post where that language is spoken.
Candidates whose candidacies began prior to the June 2012 FSOT (June 2, 2012) will be grandfathered under the previous policy (outlined below).
For information to help you assess your own speaking level, visit http://www.govtilr.org and click on "Speaking" under the skill-level descriptions for a general description of the expected proficiency. The speaking self-assessment tool, available on the same site, will also help you estimate your language proficiency.
For candidates whose candidacies began prior to the June 2, 2012 FSOT
For those Generalist candidates whose candidacies began prior to the June 2, 2012 Foreign Service Officer Test, demonstrated language proficiency can also enhance your competitiveness on the register by giving you a slight increase in your overall score.
Generalist candidates in this category, who have passed the Oral Assessment, can receive .17 bump-up points for any one language listed here if they meet the specific speaking-level threshold required in the tested language during a telephone-administered language test conducted by the Foreign Service Institute in Arlington (FSI), Virginia. In order to receive the .17 bump-up points, a speaking level of 3 or higher during the telephone test is required for the following languages: Danish, Dutch, French, German, Haitian Creole, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Swedish. All other listed languages require a minimum level 2 speaking proficiency in order to receive bump-up points.
Those Generalist candidates in this category who can demonstrate a speaking proficiency of level 2 or higher in the following recruitment languages – Azerbaijani, Bengali, Chinese, Hindi, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Nepali, Pashto, Persian, Punjabi, Russian, Singhalese, Tamil, Telugu, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, and Uzbek – and make the required service commitment – may earn a total of .40 points. Those with a speaking score of at least 2 in Arabic can earn a total of .50 points.
To qualify for these additional points, Generalist candidates must agree in writing to serve in a country where that language is spoken at least twice in their careers: once during the first two tours and again after being promoted to the mid-levels of the Foreign Service.
Pre-employment language tests for candidates under this category are conducted by telephone only, not in person. Upon entry on duty with the Department, those claiming competence in a given language must take a formal speaking and reading examination in person at the Foreign Service Institute (FSI) in Arlington, Va. in order to be judged competent in that language.
-Candidates with Disabilities
For qualified candidates who will require accommodation upon appointment, the Office of Employee Relations determines reasonable accommodations. To qualify, a candidate must meet all requirements for appointment to the Foreign Service.
Reasonable accommodation for candidates with disabilities during the FSOT or Oral Assessments
We welcome candidates who have special needs. In accordance with Federal law, we will provide reasonable accommodation to enable qualified applicants with disabilities to take the Foreign Service Officer Test. We will provide similar accommodation to candidates who are invited to the Oral Assessment.
In addition to preparing and administering the FSOT, Pearson VUE is responsible for all special accommodation requests for candidates with disabilities.
Candidates who need accommodations to take the test must apply for special accommodations at least 30 days before the next testing window.
The accommodation approval process can be lengthy. To allow sufficient time for approval and the necessary arrangements, submit accommodations request in writing with accompanying documentation to Pearson VUE at least 30 days before the requested test date. Follow the detailed instructions for accommodations requests provided at: http://www.pearsonvue.com/accommodations/
Requests that are incomplete or are not supported by appropriate documentation by the registration deadline may not be approved. We cannot guarantee that the accommodation can be in place if requests are not received at least three weeks prior to the test date. In that case, Pearson VUE will ask you to schedule for the following window.
Those receiving accommodation will receive a letter from Pearson VUE confirming the accommodation to be provided. If your request is incomplete or does not support the accommodation request, Pearson VUE will notify you in writing. You may then provide complete or updated documents prior to the deadline. Every effort will be made to provide accommodation at your chosen test center. However, be aware that some test centers may be unable to provide certain types of accommodation.
For a comprehensive description of accommodation requirements, please see the Guide to the Foreign Service Officer Selection Process.
For those who are invited to take the Oral Assessment, reasonable accommodations are also available for those who may need them. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org at least three weeks before your scheduled Oral Assessment.
-Commitment to Foreign Service Work
Anyone applying to be in the Foreign Service must be willing to accept the following three commitments of Foreign Service work: flexibility in assignments, public support of U.S. Government policies and worldwide availability.
-Drug Use and Suitability
Suitability Review Panels consider candidate involvement with controlled substances, including marijuana, in connection with suitability determinations for Foreign Service positions. Drug involvement raises questions about an individual’s reliability, judgment, and trustworthiness or ability or willingness to comply with laws, rules, and regulations, thus indicating his or her employment might not promote the efficiency or protect the integrity of the service. Each candidate’s conduct will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Read more >>
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Discussing the 98 per cent failure in the CSS tests
According to the contemporary influences, best 202 candidates qualified for the written a part of the examination
It’s excellent to rejoice success but it surely is greater essential to heed the instructions of failure – bill Gates
The contemporary ninety eight per cent failure of the candidates in the written part of the aggressive examination (CE) is deplorable — however is it the failure of the candidates or might or not it's attributed to different factors?
Does it depict flaws in our education equipment? Does it depict bad expert counselling of students? What in regards to the position of the folks? Does it additionally display the failings in the ability looking apparatus? additionally why does success within the CSS examination basically based upon skillability in the English language? Why are certain ability hunting programmes now not tailored for professional groups just like the Police provider of Pakistan and overseas carrier of Pakistan? Are our universities imparting potential or simply awarding degrees? Why are universities failing to promote creativity? regardless of the mushroom increase within the variety of universities, the query arises as to what's the reason behind such a dismal situation? If universities churn out such skill how FPSC on my own be held in charge for high percent of failure?
in line with the recent outcomes, only 202 candidates certified for the written a part of the exam. 20717 candidates utilized for the examination and only 9643 seemed. In CE 2013,15998 candidates utilized, 11447 regarded and 238 had been declared successful within the written test. For CE-2013 FPSC interviewed 238 candidates in opposition t 266 marketed vacancies and at last 194 candidates were allotted for that reason seventy two vacancies remained vacant. For CE-2014, FPSC interviewed 377 candidates in opposition t 315 advertised vacancies but at last 233 candidates had been allocated for that reason eighty two vacancies remained unfilled. The ultimate one-fourth of the vacancies unfilled in a rustic with probably the most highest unemployment cost is a count number of grave concern. Such vacancies essentially remained unfilled because of non-availability of correct candidates from within the minority sector, smaller provinces and women.
right through CE-2013, out of the whole 72 unfilled slots, 25 have been reserved for ladies, 25 for minorities and 22 open based on benefit. Out of the entire 25 unfilled ladies seats, 14 remained vacant in Sindh and out of complete 25 seats for minorities, 12 remained vacant in Punjab. To make civil provider extra representative and repair oriented, the FPSC needs to make sure inclusion of minorities and women as per obtainable quota.
In CE-2013, 67 per cent of complete allocated seats have been captured by means of 2nd and third time repeaters therefore it transpires that after stronger training, change of topics, assistance and growth in presentation expertise, they in fact carried out well. The performance of repeaters additionally suggests that the FPSC and universities should jointly design profession counselling programmes.
In 2011, 13,071 candidates utilized whereas 9,063 looked; on the opposite, 24,640 candidates applied and 13,170 regarded in 2014. The closing outcomes in 2011 turned into 8.67 per cent whereas in 2014, the influence turned into only 2.86 per cent. notwithstanding in three years time, the applicants have been doubled but as compared with the outcomes of 2011, 67 per cent downward outcomes has been seen in 2014.
For CE-2014, 24,640 aspirants utilized however simplest 13,170 looked therefore it depicts that a majority of them had been either not severe or they handled it as an examination of opportunity or luck. within the annual record of 2014, the FPSC identified the shortcoming of analytical talents, vital strategy, inability to comprehend considerations, non-familiarity with topics and negative presentation according to illogical arguments with incorrect or inappropriate records as few motives of failures.
although universities are the premier areas to prepare young graduates for aggressive examinations however in fresh rankings, most effective three universities made area in the top 800 universities. Majority of the graduates are dependent upon the replica of assistance and get levels. The aspirants shall understand, in time, that the CSS is not an tutorial examination however rather a aggressive examination that requires great, volume and issue-solving tactics.
still even though, the CSS examination is the handiest talent assessment process that enjoys unimpeachable credibility, therefore the FPSC may still not act simply as a bureaucratic enterprise but an adaptable up to date skill searching body. Ideally, the FPSC should still establish an institutional community with main universities, ministries and departments for whom it hunts the skill.
The recent introduction of topics like Governance and Public coverage, city Planning and urban development, Gender stories, Environmental Science, Criminology and Anthropology is a good measure so that it will enrich the high-quality of consumption. research wing of FPSC may still decide on a more diagnostic approach and additionally focal point on study FSOTing the world practices.
We as Pakistani citizens need to encourage a debate as to why a candidate who opted for ordinary topics like language, history and sociology may additionally land within the Pakistan Administrative service or the Police however a candidate picking foreign members of the family, US background, public administration, criminology and international legislations both fails or could be placed in information community.
although in CE-2014, fifty three per cent candidates opted for Journalism as an non-compulsory field the results were disappointing. The Annual document (AR) of FPSC 2014 observed that the “performance of the majority of the candidates was bad.” right through 2014, forty per cent candidates opted for Sociology. even though Sociology remained the 2nd most established optional discipline however concerning the performance of candidates, the AR 2014 expressed “It seemed that candidates run after publications and so on. or to shortcuts accessible in the markets.” In “established Science about half of the candidates did not relaxed even 30 per cent marks. related to bad efficiency in Pakistan Affairs, the record observed that “handiest five per cent candidates attempted significantly.”
although after the 18th amendment, the great of training in the smaller province was expected to bounce, statistical records of effects speaks in any other case. home-intelligent efficiency suggests that among the many exact 100 positions, candidates from Punjab acquired 77, k-P 7 and Sindh additionally obtained 7 positions. In such ranking, candidates from AJK received 2 seats, Fata bought 2 and Balochistan obtained 5. Such negative performance may still be a guiding principle for the paperwork of smaller provinces to devise greater recommendations for academic development and prepare the youth for aggressive examination and challenges being confronted.
published within the specific Tribune, November 25th, 2016.
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